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12 min read

Missouri 2023 Sales Tax Guide

Missouri 2023 Sales Tax Guide

Missouri Sales Tax in a Word

Running a successful small business involves juggling a myriad of responsibilities, and one of the most important aspects is managing your sales tax obligations. For businesses operating in the Show-Me State, understanding the ins and outs of Missouri sales tax is crucial to staying compliant and avoiding costly mistakes. But fear not, intrepid entrepreneurs! This blog is here to guide you through the complexities of filing and paying sales taxes in Missouri, while (hopefully) not boring you into a sales tax coma. 

We'll explore topics like when and how to file your sales tax returns, handling due dates that fall on weekends or holidays, penalties for non-compliance, and available tax incentives. Plus, we'll share some valuable tips to help you avoid common mistakes and make the filing process a breeze. So grab your favorite beverage, get comfortable, and let's dive into the wonderful world of Missouri sales tax together! With Accountingprose by your side, you'll be a sales tax superhero in no time.

 
 

 

 


Missouri Sales Tax Contacts

When navigating the world of sales tax in Mississippi, it's essential to know who manages it and how to reach them for support. Ready for a smooth sales tax adventure in the Magnolia State? Let's dive into the key contacts for Mississippi sales tax.

 

Who manages Mississippi sales tax?

The Mississippi Department of Revenue (DOR) is responsible for administering, collecting, and enforcing sales tax in the state. The DOR ensures compliance with Mississippi sales tax laws and provides guidance and support to taxpayers.

 

What is their contact information?

If you need help or have questions about Mississippi sales tax, you can reach out to the Mississippi Department of Revenue using the contact information below:

 

Mailing Address

Mississippi Department of Revenue

P.O. Box 1033

Jackson, MS 39215-1033

Street Address

Mississippi Department of Revenue

500 Clinton Center Drive

Clinton, MS 39056

Phone Numbers

Sales Tax Information: (601) 923-7000

Taxpayer Assistance: (601) 923-7700

Website

Mississippi Department of Revenue

 

When reaching out to the Mississippi Department of Revenue, remember that they're here to help you succeed in your sales tax journey. With the right resources and support, you can confidently tackle Mississippi sales tax and continue building your small business legacy. And, as always, your trusty sidekicks at Accountingprose are here to help you along the way.

 
 
 

 

Do You Have Nexus in Missouri?

Before diving into the details of Missouri sales tax regulations, it's crucial to determine whether your business has nexus in the state. Nexus is a connection or presence that obligates a business to collect and remit sales tax. In this section, we'll explore various types of nexus and how they apply to Missouri.

 

What Creates Sales Tax Nexus in Missouri? 

In Missouri, several factors can create sales tax nexus for your business, including physical presence, economic activity, affiliate relationships, click-through referrals, and marketplace facilitation.

Understanding each type of nexus will help you determine if your business is subject to Missouri sales tax requirements.

 

What creates physical nexus in the state of Missouri?

Physical nexus is established when a business has a tangible presence in Missouri.

This can include:

  • Owning or leasing property, such as an office, warehouse, or storefront

  • Having employees working in the state

  • Maintaining inventory in a Missouri warehouse, even if it's owned by a third party

  • Attending trade shows or conducting in-person sales in the state

 

What creates economic nexus in the state of Missouri?

Economic nexus is established when a business reaches a certain level of economic activity within Missouri, even without a physical presence. As of January 1, 2023, Missouri implemented economic nexus rules, requiring remote sellers to collect and remit sales tax if they have:

  • More than $100,000 in gross receipts from sales of tangible personal property delivered into Missouri during the previous or current calendar year

 

What creates affiliate nexus in the state of Missouri?

Affiliate nexus is established when a business has a relationship with an in-state company or individual that helps promote or facilitate sales.

This can include:

  • Engaging in a contract with an in-state affiliate to refer customers in exchange for a commission

  • Using an in-state company to provide services such as repairs, maintenance, or delivery

 

What creates click-through nexus in the state of Missouri?

Click-through nexus is not explicitly addressed in Missouri sales tax laws. However, if your business has a strong enough affiliate relationship with an in-state company, it may create affiliate nexus, as discussed earlier.

 

What creates marketplace nexus in the state of Missouri?

Marketplace nexus is established when a marketplace facilitator (e.g., Amazon, eBay, or Etsy) makes sales on behalf of third-party sellers. As of January 1, 2023, Missouri requires marketplace facilitators to collect and remit sales tax on behalf of their sellers if their gross sales into Missouri exceed $100,000 in a calendar year.

 

Does Missouri have use tax laws?

Yes, Missouri has a use tax, which applies to the storage, use, or consumption of tangible personal property in the state when sales tax has not been paid. Use tax rates are the same as sales tax rates and are determined by the buyer's location. Businesses with nexus in Missouri are responsible for collecting and remitting use tax on sales made to Missouri customers if sales tax has not already been collected. 

 
 

 

Missouri Sales Tax Registration

Before you can start collecting sales tax in Missouri, you'll need to register for a sales tax license. In this section, we'll guide you through the registration process and answer some common questions about obtaining a Missouri sales tax license.

 

How to Register for Sales Tax in Missouri

To register for a sales tax license in Missouri, follow these steps:

  1. Determine if you have nexus in Missouri: As we discussed earlier, you need to have a connection or presence in the state that obligates you to collect and remit sales tax. Review the various types of nexus to determine if your business meets any of the criteria.

  2. Gather necessary information: Before you begin the registration process, gather all required information, including your federal Employer Identification Number (EIN), business structure, legal and trade names, physical and mailing addresses, and the names and Social Security numbers of all business owners or responsible parties.

  3. Register online: Visit the Missouri Department of Revenue's website and access the Missouri Tax Registration Application. Complete the application by providing the requested information about your business and its activities in Missouri. Submit the application once all required fields are completed.

  4. Receive your Missouri sales tax license: After submitting your application, the Missouri Department of Revenue will review it and, if approved, issue you a sales tax license. This license allows you to collect and remit sales tax on your sales to Missouri customers. You'll need to display the license prominently at your place of business.

  5. Set up sales tax collection: Once you have your sales tax license, set up your point-of-sale system, accounting software, or e-commerce platform to collect the appropriate sales tax rates for each Missouri transaction.

By following these steps, you'll be well on your way to becoming sales tax compliant in Missouri.

 

How Much Does it Cost to Register for a Missouri Sales Tax License?

Good news! Registering for a Missouri sales tax license is free. The Missouri Department of Revenue does not charge a fee for issuing a sales tax license.

 

Do I Need a Federal Tax ID Number or EIN to Register for a Missouri Sales Tax License?

Yes, you'll need a Federal Tax ID Number, also known as an Employer Identification Number (EIN), to register for a Missouri sales tax license. The EIN is used to identify your business for tax purposes. If you don't have an EIN, you can obtain one from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by completing an online application.

 

Which Agencies in Missouri Might I Need to Register With Additionally?

Depending on your business activities, you may need to register with other agencies in Missouri. Some common additional registrations include:

  • Missouri Secretary of State: If your business is a corporation, limited liability company (LLC), or other formal business structure, you'll need to register with the Missouri Secretary of State.

  • Missouri Department of Labor and Industrial Relations: If you have employees, you may need to register with the Missouri Department of Labor and Industrial Relations for unemployment insurance, workers' compensation, and other labor-related requirements.

  • Missouri Division of Alcohol and Tobacco Control: If your business sells alcohol or tobacco products, you may need to obtain additional licenses from the Missouri Division of Alcohol and Tobacco Control.

Be sure to research all relevant agencies and requirements for your specific business to ensure full compliance with Missouri laws and regulations.

 

 

Collecting Sales Tax in Missouri

Now that you've registered for a sales tax license, it's time to dive into the details of collecting sales tax in Missouri. In this section, we'll discuss whether Missouri is an origin or destination sales tax state, the types of sales subject to tax, exemptions, and how to handle tax-exempt customers.

 

Is Missouri an Origin or Destination Sales Tax State?

Missouri is a destination-based sales tax state. This means that sales tax rates are determined by the location of the buyer, not the seller. When selling to Missouri customers, you'll need to collect sales tax based on the rate applicable at the customer's address, which includes state, county, city, and special district taxes.

 

What Sales are Subject to Sales Tax in Missouri?

In Missouri, sales tax applies to the sale of tangible personal property and certain services. Taxable sales include, but are not limited to:

  • Tangible goods such as furniture, clothing, electronics, and household items

  • Rental or lease of tangible personal property

  • Installation, repair, or maintenance services for tangible personal property

  • Telecommunication services

  • Admission fees for places of amusement, entertainment, or recreation

 

Is Software as a Service (SaaS) taxed in Missouri?

No, SaaS is not currently taxable in Missouri. The Missouri Department of Revenue defines SaaS as "a software licensing arrangement under which a customer subscribes to access a software application hosted by a vendor." Because SaaS is not delivered in a tangible medium, it is not considered taxable.

 

What is Exempt from Missouri Sales Tax?

Missouri offers several sales tax exemptions for specific items, organizations, or situations. Some common exemptions include:

  • Sales to government entities

  • Sales to nonprofit organizations

  • Sales of prescription drugs and medical devices

  • Sales of grocery items

  • Sales of educational materials to schools

 

Who is Eligible for Missouri Sales Tax Exemptions?

Organizations and individuals that qualify for sales tax exemptions in Missouri include:

  • Government entities (federal, state, and local)

  • Nonprofit organizations with a tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code

  • Schools, colleges, and universities

  • Hospitals and healthcare facilities

  • Religious organizations

 

What Should I Do If My Customer is Exempt from Sales Tax in Missouri?

If your customer is exempt from sales tax in Missouri, you'll need to obtain a valid exemption certificate from them. The Missouri Department of Revenue provides a Form 149: Sales and Use Tax Exemption Certificate that exempt organizations or individuals can complete and provide to you.

Keep a copy of the exemption certificate in your records, as you'll need it to support the exempt sale if you're ever audited by the Missouri Department of Revenue.

 

What Happens If I Lose a Missouri Sales Tax Exemption Certificate?

If you lose a Missouri sales tax exemption certificate, it's important to request a new copy from your exempt customer as soon as possible. If you cannot obtain a new copy, you may be held liable for any uncollected sales tax during an audit.

To avoid this situation, maintain organized records of all exemption certificates and consider using a digital filing system to minimize the risk of loss or damage.

 

 

Filing and Paying Sales Taxes in Missouri

Once you've collected sales tax from your Missouri customers, it's time to file and pay those taxes to the state. In this section, we'll cover when and how to file your Missouri sales tax return, what to do if the due date falls on a weekend or holiday, potential penalties, and available incentives for filing.

 

When to File and Pay Sales Tax in Missouri

Missouri requires businesses to file and pay sales tax on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis, depending on the amount of tax they collect.

 

The filing frequency and dues dates are as follows:

Monthly Filing

If you collect more than $500 in sales tax per month, you must file and pay monthly.

Due on the 20th of the month following the reporting period.

Quarterly Filing

If you collect between $50 and $500 in sales tax per month, you must file and pay quarterly.

Due on the 20th of the month following the end of the quarter (April 20, July 20, October 20, and January 20).

Annual Filing

If you collect less than $50 in sales tax per month, you must file and pay annually.

 

Due on January 20 of the following year.

 


What if a Missouri Sales Tax Filing Date Falls on a Weekend or Holiday?

If a Missouri sales tax filing due date falls on a weekend or holiday, the return and payment are due on the next business day.

 

How Do I File a Missouri Sales Tax Return?

To file a Missouri sales tax return, follow these steps:

  1. Gather required information: Before you begin, gather all the information you'll need to complete your sales tax return. This includes total sales for the reporting period, total taxable sales, and the amount of sales tax collected.

  2. Log in to your Missouri Department of Revenue account: Visit the Missouri Department of Revenue's website and log in to your account using your User ID and password.

  3. Select the appropriate filing period: Once logged in, select the correct filing period for the sales tax return you're submitting.

  4. Complete the sales tax return form: Fill out the Missouri sales tax return form by providing the requested information, including total sales, taxable sales, and sales tax collected. You'll also need to provide a breakdown of sales and tax collections by jurisdiction (state, county, city, and special district) for destination-based sales.

  5. Review and submit your return: Double-check your return for accuracy and completeness before submitting it. Make sure all required fields are filled out and the information provided is correct.

  6. Pay any sales tax owed: If you owe sales tax, you can make a payment through your Missouri Department of Revenue account. Accepted payment methods include electronic funds transfer (EFT), credit card, and debit card.

 

What are the various penalties that can be assessed for sales tax filing in Missouri?

Failing to file or pay sales tax on time can result in penalties and interest in Missouri. Some common penalties include:

  • Late filing penalty: A penalty of 5% of the unpaid tax for each month (or part of a month) the return is late, up to a maximum of 25%.

  • Late payment penalty: A penalty of 5% of the unpaid tax for each month (or part of a month) the payment is late, up to a maximum of 25%.

  • Interest: Interest is charged on the unpaid tax and any penalties, accruing from the due date until the tax is paid in full. The interest rate is set annually by the state.

 

Does Missouri offer any sales tax incentives?

Missouri offers several sales tax incentives to encourage business development and investment. Some common incentives include:

  • Enterprise Zone Program: This program offers a variety of tax credits and exemptions for businesses located within designated economically distressed areas.

  • Enhanced Enterprise Zone Program: This program provides state and local sales tax exemptions for eligible businesses that create jobs and invest in designated areas.

  • Data Center Incentive: This incentive offers sales tax exemptions on equipment and machinery used in data centers.

To determine if your business qualifies for any sales tax incentives in Missouri, consult with a tax professional or the Missouri Department of Economic Development.

 
 

 

5 Tips to Avoid Common Mistakes When Filing Missouri Sales Tax Returns

 

Filing Missouri sales tax returns can be a daunting task, but with a little preparation and attention to detail, you can avoid common mistakes and ensure a smooth filing process.

Here are five tips to help you stay on track and avoid pitfalls when filing your Missouri sales tax returns:

  1. Stay organized with your records: Proper record-keeping is essential to accurately file your sales tax returns. Maintain organized records of all sales transactions, sales tax collected, and exemption certificates. Use a reliable accounting software or a dedicated sales tax tool to help you track sales and taxes in real-time.

  2. Understand your filing frequency: Missouri assigns businesses a filing frequency based on their average monthly sales tax collections. Be aware of your assigned filing frequency (monthly, quarterly, or annually) and adhere to the corresponding due dates to avoid late filing penalties.

  3. Keep up with sales tax rate changes: As a destination-based sales tax state, Missouri requires you to charge sales tax based on the customer's location. Stay informed about sales tax rate changes at the state, county, city, and special district levels. Using a sales tax automation tool can help you apply the correct rates for each transaction.

  4. Double-check your jurisdictional breakdown: When filing your sales tax return, you need to provide a breakdown of sales and tax collections by jurisdiction. Make sure you accurately report these figures to avoid errors that could lead to an audit or penalties.

  5. File and pay on time: Late filing and payment can result in penalties and interest. Set reminders or use a calendar to keep track of due dates and make sure you file and pay your Missouri sales tax returns on time.

 
 
 
 

In Conclusion

Navigating the intricacies of Missouri sales tax can be challenging, but with the right tools and knowledge, you can successfully manage the process and stay compliant with state requirements. From understanding your filing frequency and due dates to accurately breaking down sales by jurisdiction and staying on top of rate changes, every step is crucial to avoiding common pitfalls.

Remember, staying organized with your records, using reliable accounting software or sales tax tools, and keeping up-to-date with the latest tax laws and incentives can make all the difference. By following the tips and guidance provided in this blog, you'll be well-equipped to tackle Missouri sales tax filing and maintain a strong, thriving business.

And remember, as your trusted partner in accounting, Accountingprose is here to support you every step of the way. If you have any questions or need assistance with your sales tax filing or any other accounting needs, don't hesitate to reach out. We're committed to your success and are ready to help you navigate the ever-changing world of sales tax with confidence and ease.

 


 

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Have sales tax in more than one state?

Check out All of our Sales Tax Guides

Alabama Sales Tax Guide

Hawaii Sales Tax Guide

Massachusetts Sales Tax Guide

New Mexico Sales Tax Guide

South Dakota Sales Tax Guide

Alaska Sales Tax Guide (N/A)

Idaho Sales Tax Guide

Michigan Sales Tax Guide

New York Sales Tax Guide

Tennessee Sales Tax Guide

Arizona Sales Tax Guide

Illinois Sales Tax Guide

Minnesota Sales Tax Guide

North Carolina Sales Tax Guide

Texas Sales Tax Guide

Arkansas Sales Tax Guide

Indiana Sales Tax Guide

Mississippi Sales Tax Guide

North Dakota Sales Tax Guide

Utah Sales Tax Guide

California Sales Tax Guide

Iowa Sales Tax Guide

Missouri Sales Tax Guide

Ohio Sales Tax Guide

Vermont Sales Tax Guide

Colorado Sales Tax Guide

Kansas Sales Tax Guide

Montana Sales Tax Guide (NA)

Oklahoma Sales Tax Guide

Virginia Sales Tax Guide

Connecticut Sales Tax Guide

Kentucky Sales Tax Guide

Nebraska Sales Tax Guide

Oregon Sales Tax Guide (N/A)

Washington Sales Tax Guide

Delaware Sales Tax Guide (N/A)

Louisiana Sales Tax Guide

Nevada Sales Tax Guide

Pennsylvania Sales Tax Guide

West Virginia Sales Tax Guide

Florida Sales Tax Guide

Maine Sales Tax Guide

New Hampshire Sales Tax Guide (NA)

Rhode Island Sales Tax Guide

Wisconsin Sales Tax Guide

Georgia Sales Tax Guide

Maryland Sales Tax Guide

New Jersey Sales Tax Guide

South Carolina Sales Tax Guide

Wyoming Sales Tax Guide

 

And don't forget to check out our blog about Economic Nexus, which serves as an invaluable resource for businesses who have sales that are subject to sales tax. 

 

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This blog is for informational purposes only and the information is accurate as of 2023-06-19. If you want legal advice on sales tax law for your business, please contact a State and Local Tax (SALT) professional. Keep in mind that sales tax regulations and laws are subject to change at any time. While we strive to keep our blog current, this blog possibly may be out of date by the time you review it.

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